CRIMINAL LAW AND PROCEDURE – OFFENCE OF TERRORISM – Meaning and nature of the offence of terrorism


“Under Section 5 of the Terrorism (prevention) Act, 2011 (supra), it is provided: Any person knowingly, in any manner directly or indirectly, solicits or renders support (a) for the commission of an act of terrorism or (b) to a terrorist group, commits an offence under this Act and is liable on conviction to imprisonment for a term of not less than twenty years. Invariably, the term terrorism denotes the use or threat of violence with a view to intimidating or causing panic, especially as a means of achieving a political (or religious) end. See BLACK’S LAW DICTIONARY, 11th edition 2019 @ 1776. It’s trite, that terrorism as a tactic has a very long history. Regardless of the perpetrators (actors) or the motivation thereof, terrorism is always and everywhere (on the planet Earth) in violation of International Law. See The Oxford International Encyclopedia of Peace (2010), edited by Nigel J. Young (2010) @ 145. The term ‘Terrorism’ is varied and ubiquitous: (i) Domestic Terrorism, denoting terrorism that is carried out against one’s own government or fellow citizens: Means of attack can range from shooting to arson, bombings, kidnappings, and sabotage. …Acts of domestic terror have occurred in the United States since the seventeenth century. See The Oxford Encyclopedia of American Social History (Lynn Dumeniled. 2012) @ 419.” Per SAULAWA, J.S.C. in BERENDE v. FRN (2021-LCER-40453-SC)  (Pp 72 – 73 Paras E – F)

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