EVIDENCE – CONFESSIONAL STATEMENT – Whether a court can convict solely on the confessional statement of an accused person

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“As demonstrated in the leading judgement, the respondent’s counsel submitted that a free and voluntary confession alone can lead to a conviction. This is true. A retraction or denial of a confessional statement does not affect its admissibility. This has long been settled in the very old cases of R. v Sapele and Anor (1952) 2 FSC 74; R v Itule (1961) All NLR 462; the relatively old decisions of Ikpasa v The State [1981] 9 SC 7; Akpan v State (1992) LPELR -381 (SC) 36; Osakwe v State [1994] 2 SCNJ 57; Nwangbonu v The State [1994] 2 NWLR (pt 327) 380; Bature v State [1994] 1 NWLR (pt 320) 267; Eragua and Ors v The AG Bendel (1994) LPELR -(SC) 30; Idowu v. State [1998] 11 NWLR (pt 574) 354; as well as the more recent decisions of Silas Sule v State (2009) LPELR -3125 (SC) 28-30, G-B; FRN v Iweka (2011) LPELR -9350 (SC) 53; Oseni v The State (2012) LPELR -7833 (SC) 22-23.” Per CHIMA CENTUS NWEZE, JSC SAMA’ILA v. STATE(2021-LCER-40498-SC)  (Pp 30 – 30; Paras B – F)

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