CRIMINAL LAW AND PROCEDURE – OFFENCE OF MURDER – Essential elements of the offence of murder

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“…In order to secure a conviction in a murder trial the prosecution is duty bound to prove the following essential elements of the offence beyond reasonable doubt, to wit:- i. that the deceased is dead; ii. that the act or omission of the accused caused the death of the deceased; iii. that the act or omission of the accused which caused the death of the deceased was intentional or it was with the knowledge that death or grievous bodily harm will be the probable consequence of the act or omission.” Per MARY UKAEGO PETER-ODILI, JSC in WOWEM v. STATE (2021-LCER-40502-SC) (Pp 46 – 47; Paras F – B)

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