CRIMINAL LAW AND PROCEDURE – CRIMINAL PROSECUTION – Purpose of criminal law; how conviction for a crime is obtained


“My Lords, the main purpose of the criminal law is to protect the interests of the public at large by punishing those found guilty of crimes, generally by means of imprisonment or fines, and it is those types of conduct which are most detrimental to the society and to the public welfare which are treated as criminal. A conviction for a crime is obtained by means of criminal prosecution, which is usually instituted by the State through the agency of the police.” Per HELEN MORONKEJI OGUNWUMIJU, JSC in AVIOMOH v. C.O.P & ANOR (2021-LCER-40461-SC) (Pp 21 – 22 Paras F – B)

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